Graduate Literature Newsletter

Spring 1997
Editor: Dr. Malcolm Hayward 

Student News
Faculty News
Summer 1997 Courses
Fall 1997 Courses



How big are we? A set of figures from the National Research Council shows that IUP's doctoral programs in English (both Literature and Rhetoric and Linguistics) produced 25 Ph.D.s in the period 1993-95. This makes us the 27th largest doctorate program in English in the country (out of 143 programs). We produce as many Ph.D.s as, for example, Yale or Cornell, and more than Penn, Temple, or any other school in Pennsylvania. Even more surprising is the fact that if each of our doctoral programs produces just one additional graduate per semester, we will leap to 7th place on the list, passing such lesser lights as the University of Michigan, SUNY Buffalo, UCLA, Duke, and so on. And yet IUP has the feel, I think, of a much smaller program. So how do we do it?

I think one answer is the personal care and motivation that I hope IUP students feel they are getting. We want you to succeed; we expect that you will go through and write that dissertation. We hope that the program is designed to make the whole process one of staged progress towards an inevitable masters or doctoral degree.

I would worry that quantity might not equal quality except for the professional success of our students. This newsletter reports, under Student News, how two of our grads have published their dissertations. Others have previously published theirs and still others are in the process of talking with publishers. These are good signs.

Another good sign is the professional activity of our students. Patsy Daniels's publication and three presentations all were developed from her course work. I think that shows planning and efficiency as well as, of course, the ability to work out ideas effectively. I don't want to adopt too much an assembly line model, but there is much to be said for having a clear sense of direction and workable professional goals.

To get an idea of our impact, you might look, as I did, at the program from the EAPSU Conference at Clarion last fall; among the presenters were our students Sharon Gallagher, David Stephens, Nancy Corbett, Patsy Daniels (as noted above), Donelle Dreese, Dong-Oh Choi, Stephanie Dowdle, Marcy Guarino, Corine Coniglio, and Janet Lane (and I am sure I have missed some others and I apologize). I think this shows the really strong impact your work can have in the profession. Congratulations!


New Admits:

Mohamed M. Gamal, Rebecca Steinberger, Rida Anis, Francine Cray, Fatin Abu-Hilal, Joseph Spedalarie, Louis McCauley, Howard Hyde, Zeng Hong, Teresa Caruso, James J. Frick, Lisa Roy Davis, Lynne T. Jefferson, Michael J. Chavez, Teresa Dirrickson, Fumihiko Kaneko, Nelson Rivera-Agosts, Kyoko Amano, Richard A. Rice, Yongjae Han, Kristen Williams, Jeffrey Roberts, Cheryl Davis, Yeonman Kim, Ebtehal Ahmed, Jason Michael Dew, Ling Zhou, Zhilong Qu, Brenda Helmbrecht, Robert Koveleskie, and Jeffrey M. Stiles

M.A./Lit/Gen Graduates

David Balty, John Benbenek, Darren Bishop, Isabel Gonzalez, Thomas Holz, and Patricia Ogureck.

The following Ph.D./Literature students have successfully defended their dissertations:

Lidija Tonic, "Her Roles on the Stage: Toward Feminist Psychosemiotics of Drama," directed by Martha Bower.

Our apologies to Kurt Krueger who defended his dissertation in the Fall but was not listed in the last Newsletter. His dissertation title was "The Search for Meaning: A Logotherapeutic Approach to Ernest Hemingway's Life and Work," directed by Dr. Patrick Murphy.


We noted above our neglecting to report in the last newsletter Kurt Krueger's successful defense of his dissertation on July 2, 1996; Jim Cahalan adds that July 2 was also Kurt's beginning date of appointment as Dean at Concordia College in Irvine, CA so that he began his deanship out of town, being interrogated about his very good dissertation!

Hwa Soon Kim's dissertation has been published by Peter Lang, and she now has a full-time teaching position at the University of Incheon in South Korea. Hwa Soon's book, The Counterpoint of Hope, Obsession, and Desire for Death in Five Plays by Samuel Beckett, which was received very well by its reviewers, should give hope: there is something that can come from a dissertation!

But Hwa Soon is not the only person who has made the transition of dissertation to publication. Phil Lewitt, who received his Ph.D. in 1985, writes "Another country heard from, this time far-off Nippon.... I was just now reading `From the Director' in the Fall 1996 Newsletter, in which you write about the `discovery of a new discourse to apply to literary acts,' and it prompts me to remind you that this `process of finding new languages' not only continues at IUP, but began there quite a while ago.

Though in the end the title of my dissertation got changed to `Opening the Map,' the original title was `Archeopoetics,' and the dissertation was indeed in large part an attempt to create the basis for a new field of inquiry combining archeoanthropology with poetics. I began with the simple (but evidently previously ignored) fact that poetry is one of the relatively few universal human cultural activities; then I asked Why, and Where did it come from in our human past, and made an introductory stab at answering it, beginning in the Stone Age 40,000 years ago.

The final form of the essay in my dissertation, "Archeopoetics: Mysticism & Modernism," was published a couple of years ago in a slick, upscale intellectual mag called Kyoto Journal, in an issue on "The Word." I've always appreciated the openness of the IUP litprog that allowed me so much leeway in my studies, researches, and production.

In fact, in the end the PhD allowed me to move (in 1990) from one-year renewable contracts in the Japanese National University system into a tenured Full Professorship in a small, radical private college (Kyoto Seika University), where I have been, and am, at 55, thriving. Without the IUP PhD and all the publishable work it produced, I wouldn't have gotten the job."

Ikue Kina is also teaching in Japan, at the University of the Ryukus in Okinawa. She had the unique opportunity this year to serve for a week as a translator for Ihab Hassan during his lecture tour in Okinawa.

Alicia Thompson writes, "My paper entitled `Ida B. Wells A Dark Crusading Voice Against White Silence' has been accepted for the International Conference of Women in Higher Education conference, in Fort Worth, Texas. This essay was written for Karen Dandurand's second summer session class." Alicia also had a paper entitled "`Writing as a weapon': Artistic Warfare and Survival in the Poetry of Chrystos," selected for the MELUS session on "Ethnic American Women Writers" at the 1997 American Literature Association conference in Baltimore, May 22-25.

Maysa Abou-Youssef is presenting a paper at the American Comparative Literature Conference in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, in April. She will be speaking on Egyptian women writers and environmental issues.

Nancy Corbett's EAPSU paper was on Zora Neal Hurston, concerning mulattos and matrilineage in Their Eyes Were Watching God.

Stephanie Dowdle read a paper at the '96 EAPSU Conference at Clarion University last October and will be presenting a paper at the '97 National Pop Culture Association Conference in San Antonio this coming March. The EAPSU paper was "The Only Good Indian...: Images of Native Americans in the Travel Writings of Margaret Fuller, Caroline Kirkland, and Susanna Moodie." The one for the PCA Conference is "Cuentas, Cocinas, y Comunidades: The Magical Role of the Feminine in Isabel Allende's Eva Luna and Laura Esquivel's Like Water for Chocolate."

Jia-yi Cheng-Levine has had her article, "Mahasweta Devi's Imaginary Maps: Colonial Legacy and Post-Colonial Ecology in India," accepted for publication in the forthcoming issue of Phoebe: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Feminist Scholarship, vol. 9, No. 1, for this coming May. Jia-yi presented part of this paper last May in a conference in Oneonta, NY. It is revised from a paper written for Susan Comfort's class on Post-colonial theory.

Patsy Daniels has been extremely productive. Patsy published an article on Conrad's Heart of Darkness in the Spring 1996 Explicator (that she wrote for Jim Cahalan's class in summer of 1995). Patsy also presented a paper on Emily Dickinson at Tennessee State University's Women's History Event in March 1996 (which she had written for Karen Dandurand). And Patsy presented a paper on Ana Castillo's So Far From God at EAPSU in Clarion in October 1996 (from Patrick Murphy's class). Further integrating studies and professional work, Patsy presented a paper on Gloria Naylor's The Women of Brewster Place at the national conference of the Association for African American Studies in Houston on Valentine's Day 1997 (a synthesis of papers she wrote for Jim Cahalan and Ron Emerick in summer of 1994). Lest you think that she has only been working on papers, Patsy notes, "I'm teaching my usual five three-hour classes, with one new preparation: World Lit since 1650. But my three sections of Intro to Lit are all different preparations since each is studying a different novel (but each novel IS from my comps list)."

Finally, Patsy invites us all to check out her Website:


[I plan to check it out to see where Patsy gets all of her energy from!]

Lidija Tonic and Michael Gooch are presenting papers at the 20th-century literature conference in Louisville, KY. Lidija's paper is entitled "Persephones (sic) Return to the Stage." The title of Mike's paper is "The Birth of the `Auctor': Joyce, Mandeville, and `Oxen of the Sun.'"

In October, Robin Cadwallader presented a paper entitled "Women in Transition: A Look at Two Heroines of the 1850s" at the SUNY Cortland Annual Conference on Language and Literature. This paper was written as part of the course requirements for Jim Gray's 761 course in the spring of 1996. As a result of this presentation, Robin has been asked to chair the nineteenth-century panel for the 1997 conference.

David Stephens presented a paper at the Pacific Rim Studies Conference in Anchorage, Alaska, this February. The paper concerned the literary implications of artificial intelligence (a topic he plans to explore further in his dissertation). "Sophie" is the name of his semantic processing agent. She can be visited at his site, Stop in and have a chat with her!

Dan Strait writes, "Together with two of my colleagues at Palm Beach Atlantic College, I will be participating on a panel for the Florida College English Association on February 6, 1997. I will be presenting a paper entitled "The `Few' and the `Many': (Re)reading Books in the Christian Community." This paper examines C. S. Lewis's theory of reading as articulated in his work An Experiment in Criticism and discusses the implications of that theory for reading within the evangelical Christian sub-culture. The panel as a whole will discuss Lewis's theory by examining the work of two other popular Christian writers: Flannery O'Connor (canonical) and Frank Peretti (non-canonical)."

Karrie Szatek, who is now teaching at Iona College in New Rochelle, New York, is busily revising her dissertation for St. Martin's Press, which has expressed interest in it. Her teaching includes a graduate course in Renaissance Literature. She is preparing a paper for presentation at the Renaissance Society of America Conference in Vancouver, B.C., in April, based again on her dissertation on the pastoral. The panel on which the paper will be presented was organized by Karrie.

Congratulations to Tonya Fitzgerald-Shepard and Tom on the birth of their daughter Emily, and to Cathy and Ed Whitelock on the birth of their son, Edward.

Judy Rivera-VanSchagen has presented her paper "Silenced Voices in Laura Esquivel's Like Water for Chocolate" that she wrote for Patrick Murphy's seminar on Literary Theory, "Dialogic and Cultural Construction of Self and Community in Contemporary American Poetry" last summer. Judy's paper was given at the National Conference of the National Association of Hispanic and Latino Studies in Houston, TX on February 13.

Chuck Baker has had an essay accepted by The Midwest Quarterly. It's entitled "'It's the Same Me, Isn't It?': The Language Question and Brian Friel's Translations."

Dong-Oh Choi notes, "Last year I presented a paper entitled 'The Lais of Marie de France: Showing the Presence of God's Will' at the Southwest Conference on Christianity and Literature at Stephenville, Texas. I also presented 'The Exercise of Power in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Chronicle of a Death Foretold' at the EAPSU conference. This year I will present a paper at the SISSI (Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery) conference, to be held at Springs, Colorado. The paper is 'Rewriting History, Demystifying Old West: Ron Hansen's The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford.' I will also present the paper entitled 'Ecoconsciousness in Journals of Dorothy Wordsworth' at the 4th National Graduate Student Romanticism conference at the U of Washington, Seattle. Finally, I have a paper to be presented at the ASLE conference which will be held at Missoula, Montana. The paper is 'The Reciprocity between Self and Other in Gary Snyder's Turtle Island: A Way of Resisting Cultural Dichotomies.'" Excellent work, Dong-Oh!

Larnell Dunkley has accepted a tenure-track position in American Literature at Benedictine University, a small liberal arts Catholic institution in Lisle, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. This fall, Larnell will teach a course in Non-Western Literature, Critical Theory, Argumentative Writing, and a Freshman Seminar course which explores the concept of the "person in the community." As a member of the newly-created three person English Department, Larnell, in addition to his teaching and advising responsibilities, will also participate in revamping the English Department's curriculum. He's pleased to state that out of 2,000 applicants for the position, he was ranked as one of the top nine candidates and the first choice for the American Literature position. He attributes his success to landing his "dream job" to writing a carefully tailored cover letter, using the school's web page to investigate the university's mission, educational philosophies, demographics, etc., and drafting course outlines. Larnell looks forward to beginning his new teaching career in the Windy City and completing his dissertation this summer.


Gail Berlin will be chairing a conference session at the 32nd International Congress on Medieval Studies at Kalamazoo, Michigan, this May. The session will treat the topic of the Jew as Other in the Middle Ages. She is continuing her work on a memoir concerning her mother's experiences during the Holocaust. Gail remains the English Department's Assistant Chair, with a host of departmental duties, including chairing the Recruitment and Selection Committee which will hire two new faculty members this year.

Martha Bower is still very much involved in her APSCUF (Faculty Union) duties, but now that the contract has been ratified, she ought to be able to spend more time on her various projects. There is the on-going study of women characters in American Drama and her examination of the O'Neill biographical papers. Recently, her article "Carlotta Monterey and Eugene O'Neill: A Specular Collaboration," was published in The Eugene O'Neill Review, and her review of Ruby Cohn's book, Anglo-American Interplay in Recent Drama was published in American Literature in June 1996. Her paper on African-American women playwrights: "'Color Struck' Under the Gaze: Personality Disorders in the plays of Hurston, Childress and Kennedy," has been accepted for presentation at the American Literature Association conference in May. Her proposal on "Teaching Medicine and Literature" is under consideration for the MLA series on the same topic.

Jim Cahalan has been awarded a Faculty Professional Development Council grant from the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education to work on a book tentatively entitled Gender and History in Modern Irish Fiction (also the subject of his current EN 784 seminar). He has completed a lengthy encyclopedia entry on the Irish novel that he was commissioned to write for Fitzroy Dearborn's forthcoming Encyclopedia of the Novel, and has agreed to write an invited essay for Contemporary Irish Fiction: A Collection of Essays, to edited in England for Macmillan Press by Liam Harte and Michael Parker. Lately Jim has also been delivering Pennsylvania Humanities Council Commonwealth Speaker lectures one on Edward Abbey and the other on the Irish "Famine" in Philadelphia, Scranton, Ligonier, and Indiana. He will be speaking on Abbey at the Appalachian Studies Association in Kentucky in March, and on "Gender and History in Trouble" at the American Conference on Irish Studies in Albany in April. Having taken our current Ph.D. and M.A. programs through the IUP Senate approval process several years ago, Jim is now in the final throes of getting our major new B.A. literature program revision approved, as chair of a task force that has included (among others) Gail Berlin, and he has also spent the past five years serving on the University-Wide Sabbaticals Committee.

Susan Comfort will be delivering a paper on the interconnections of Postcolonial Studies with Environmental Justice in late March. She is also currently preparing an article on Caribbean literature and the environment for possible inclusion in a collection on Multicultural Perspectives on the Environment.

Last June Karen Dandurand presented a paper titled "Writing Each Other's Lives: The Cultural Work of Biographies of and by Nineteenth-Century American Women" at the Nineteenth-Century American Women in the Twenty-First Century Conference at Trinity College in Hartford. Later that month, she attended the annual meeting of the Emily Dickinson International Society, held at Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley and in Amherst, where the group had lunch on the lawn of the Dickinson House the poet interceding to ensure perfect weather. In September Karen was in Hartford again for the semi-annual meeting of the Northeast Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers Group, and in November she attended the first meeting of the newly formed Mid-Atlantic Nineteenth-Century Women Writers Reading Group at Marshall University, where Nancy Lang (Ph.D. 1991) and Maupsa Bonifer (Ph.D. 1995) were also in attendance.

The long-awaited Dickinson and Audience, which includes Karen's essay "Dickinson and the Public," was published late last year by University of Michigan Press. Karen also has contributed four entries for An Emily Dickinson Encyclopedia, to be published by Greenwood, and she is completing an entry on Susan Hale for a new volume of the Dictionary of Literary Biography.

David Downing notes that Works and Days 27/28, "Cultural Studies and Composition: Conversations in Honor of James Berlin," is now available. This issue includes an introduction by David Downing and Jim Sosnoski, and extended online conversation edited for print publication, a series of position papers and follow-up discussions (including an essay by Michael Blitz and Mark Hurlbert), and concluding essays by Patricia Harkin, James Sosnoski, and the University of Illinois at Chicago Cultural Studies Collective. Janice Lauer has written the preface to this volume. Also, David Downing and James Sosnoski have organized the TicToc (Teaching in Cyberspace Through Online Courses) symposium which will take place May 16-17, 1997 at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Jim Gray has been serving as book editor for Studies in the Humanities. Individuals wishing to review books should contact him. He has also been preparing entries for an Encyclopedia of American literature about the sea and the Great Lakes.

Malcolm Hayward presented his paper on Shakespeare's metrics at the MLA in December; the paper was developed as a part of his long standing (perhaps too long standing or long sitting around) project analyzing poetic meter via the computer. Among his current and upcoming projects, studies on: feminine/masculine voices in prose fiction, Victorian travellers to the West African coast, and cataclysm in Victorian culture (a fit topic for the millennium).

And in case you missed it, Malcolm and Maysa Abou-Youssef were married in November!

Maurice Kilwein Guevara's new book, Poems of the River Spirit, has been nominated for the following: the Kate Tufts Award, the Patterson Prize, the Lamont Prize of the Academy of American Poets, the America Awards for Literature, the Bingham Poetry Prize, the American Book Award, the Poetry Center of San Francisco Award, the Latino Literature Prize, the Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize, the Bobbitt Prize, the Poet's Prize, and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize. It has also been nominated for selected inclusion in the Pushcart Prize annual anthology of the best American literature of 1997. He has recent work in The Cream City Review's 20th anniversary anthology, as well as a poem in the March/April issue of the e-zine Urban Desires ( out of New York City. His essay on creative writing pedagogy, "Out of the Ashtray: Revivifying Creative Writing Classes," has just been accepted for fall publication in the Associated Writing Programs Chronicle, the premier forum for the teaching of creative writing in the United States. Maurice's first book, Postmortem (U of GA P, 1994), is going into a second edition. He will read his work at a half a dozen locations this semesters, including Harrisburg, the International Poetry Forum on March 5 (tel: 412-621-9893) in Pittsburgh, Washington (DC), Ohio, and elsewhere. He is an active member of APSCUF, the state-wide teachers' union.

Cecilia Rodríguez Milanés will be presenting "Gloria, not just Anzaldúa" at the "Writing Latinas" CCCC's session in Phoenix. Recently her writing has been anthologized in Ray Gonzalez's Under the Pomegranate Tree: New Latino Erotica (Washington Square Press) and in Delia Poey and Virgil Suarez's Little Havana Blues (Arte Publico). Her "Where Narrative, Autobiography, Color and Feminism Converge" was published in English in Texas (Winter 1996, 27.2). She will be co-directing a National Faculty Summer Institute for teachers of the Mississippi Delta on "Writing Cultures" in Memphis this summer; she plans to avoid Elvis during her stay.

Patrick D. Murphy has been awarded a lecture/research Fulbright to teach at the University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, during the 1997-98 academic year. In addition to engaging in a number of collaborative research projects and giving lectures at various other schools in Japan, he will be teaching each semester one section of an introductory course in American Culture and Society and one upper division seminar on a topic of his choice. Among his colleagues there will be Ikue Kina. While he is gone, Patrick will be unable to serve on comprehensive exam committees except for those students planning to take the exams after his return in August of 1998, but he will be able to serve on dissertation committees. Students who anticipate working with him on either comprehensive exams or their dissertations should contact him very soon.

Patrick is pleased to announce that he has completed the editing of the manuscripts for the international handbook of nature literature, which is tentatively titled Planetary Writing and Gary Snyder: International Perspectives, which would not have been possible without the assistance of Donelle Dreese. Also, the revisions to his co-edited book of ecofeminist literary criticism have been completed. It will be published by the University of Illinois Press in early 1998, and will include an essay by IUP alumnus John Tassoni. Illinois is also considering for publication his authored manuscript, Another Reflection: When the Land Is More than a Scape. The first issue of Organization and Environment, for which Patrick is Feature Editor of the Art and the Natural Environment section, should be in print by the time you read this, with the second issue in production. Patrick has had an essay on teaching John Burroughs' Birch Browsings accepted for publication in an edited volume devoted to that author; the essay-length version of a paper he presented last summer, "Commodification, Resistance, Inhabitation, and Identity in the Novels of Linda Hogan, Edna Escamill, and Karen Tei Yamashita," has been solicited for a special issue of Phoebe: A Journal of Feminist Scholarship, Theory, and Aesthetics, which should be out this coming summer; and his invited review of James Phelan's Narrative as Rhetoric will be published in the next issue of Modern Fiction Studies. Also, his co-authored conference paper, written in 1988, "Horrific Humor: the use of Comic Structure and Humor in Aliens," has just been published by Greenwood Press in The Dark Fantastic, ed. C.W. Sullivan III.

Patrick is doing some traveling this semester and summer. In March he is presenting an invitational lecture on the global dimensions of nature literature and the opportunities for Spanish-English, English-Spanish translation projects in this field at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Pedras, while on his way to deliver a keynote lecture, "Location, Location, Location!: The Situated Diversity of Planetary Literature," at the first conference in England devoted to "Literature and the Natural Environment," being held at the University of Swansea. In April he will make the opening presentation, "Nature Literature International," for a set of sessions devoted to Literature and Environment at the American Comparative Literature Association meeting in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. In July Patrick will travel to Missoula, Montana, for the second Association for the Study of Literature and Environment conference to present two papers, "Spatiality, Temporality, Interbeing and Inhabitation: Gary Snyder's Great Un-American Non-Epic" and "Narrative as Drive, Narrative as Service: Information, Factuality, Message, and Aesthetics"; while there he will also do a poster session on the nature literature handbook and chair a panel on ecocriticism and the academic job market.

Chris Orchard is a relative newcomer to the program. He is teaching the EN 676 course now, and will offer a British Lit topics course this summer. I asked Chris to introduce himself here. He writes, "I specialize in revolutionary literature of the 1640s and 1650s with emphasis on Milton and prose fiction. My other areas of specialization include Ben Jonson, women writers of the seventeenth century (particularly Katherine Phillips and Margaret Cavendish) and issues of cultural transmission (the political uses of translation). If I was to be pinned down to a theoretical position, I would have to define myself as a cultural materialist in the best British tradition with feminist underpinnings!" As an Oxonian, Chris may be best known here, as he says, "for my accent, maybe." For his research, Chris is working on a contribution to the Milton transcription project (he has just started work on Milton's second edition of the Ready and Easie Way) and polishing an article on translations of Virgil during the 1640s and 1650s.

Ron Shafer is currently heading up the Fifteenth World Congress of Poets, sponsored by United Poets Laureate International, set for July 21-25 in Buckinghamshire, England. The congress will assemble poets from all over the world and will feature Donald Hall, Lucille Clifton, and Michael York as keynoters. Several IUP graduate students Chris Severson, Dan Strait, David Balty are giving serious thought to attending. Also, Ron has recently sold the videotape documentary, John Updike: In His Own Words, which he produced, to Films for the Humanities. Company representatives indicate that early sales have been brisk.

Ron will continue presentations at conferences this spring: papers on Shakespeare at the College English Association meeting in Baltimore (April 3-5), and the PCEA Conference at Penn State Erie and Behrend College. Ron has been invited to offer the Conrad Shelby Annual Lecture at Mason-Brewster College in Georgia. His work with the College English Association continues. Ron chairs the Honors Committee and serves on the CEA Board. As this year's University Professor, he will offer the keynote address at the April Honors Convocation.

Tom Slater notes, "A couple of the projects that I reported on in the last Newsletter are still in progress. Gregg Bachman of the University of Tampa and I are now reviewing submissions for our proposed anthology on marginalized figures in the history of silent film. The book will incorporate materials not only on people within the film industry, but also look at audiences and other forces that shaped silent film. My proposal for a presentation on Laurence Olivier, Jean-Luc Godard, and the relationship of theater and film was accepted for the National Association of Humanities Educators Conference in March. I will be submitting the essay for that to the journal Interdisciplinary Humanities. Finally, my essay `June Mathis's Classified (1925): One Woman's Response to Modernism' has been accepted by the Journal of Film and Video. Next spring, I will be taking a sabbatical to do research and writing towards producing a book on influential women of the silent era."

Michael Vella continues working on undergraduate learning communities after receiving Pennsylvania State System funding for a three year pilot in curriculum innovation. Nearing its completion, Mike, together with his colleagues Susan Welsh (English) and Gary Bailey (History), presented in a panel discussion of the politics of interdisciplinary innovation and curriculum reform. Mike presented the paper at "Connections and Community: Points of Convergence and Challenge: The Second Annual Regional Conference on Learning Communities & Collaboration," in November 1996 sponsored by Delta College in Michigan. Mike also completed an entry on Hannah Adams, America's first professional woman writer, for the Dictionary of Literary Biography volume on early American women writers. Mike was invited to write an essay length entry on Adams as a result of the editors' having read his precedent article on Hannah Adams in Early American Literature. Mike also continues very actively to pursue external funding that would engage our graduate students in various ways in his work on undergraduate curriculum innovation. He proposed another NEH Humanities Focus grant that would have employed graduate students in the evaluation and assessment of the pilot undergraduate courses, and he also wrote a FIPSE pre-proposal that would have funded dual level course linkages between graduate and upper division English Education majors, simultaneously constructing these students into a learning community model while introducing them to collabor-ative teaching/learning strategies by having them experience these first hand. Neither of these initiatives has yet been funded. but Mike intends to keep in the arena. And finally, Mike is finishing an article on Harriet Livermore, his work in the National Archives, Bureau of Indian Affairs records, and Library of Congress, for this article funded by an IUP Faculty Senate Research Award.

Roxann Wheeler writes (from California where she is on a Mellon Fellowship at the Huntington), "I am finishing the revisions to my book manuscript on ideas about skin color and race during the eighteenth century at the Huntington Library, which is an amazing store of riches in the 17th-19th centuries especially. There are scholars from all over the world here and a rich intellectual life of seminars, reading groups, and casual conversations. There are also fellowships available for graduate students (one-three months). I just gave a paper at the Cultural Studies Symposium on postcolonial theory, race, and eighteenth-century narratives.



English 681 Workshop on Translation and Culture

Dr. Malcolm Hayward

May 29-30, June 2-4 8:30-4:30

This workshop is designed to place theories of translation within the context of modern critical theories. We will survey recent translation theories to help discover what occurs during the act of translation. We will explore factors that may help us read and teach literary works in translation and become aware of the role that culture plays in the process of translation. Finally, we will gain experience in performing translations. The workshop will partially satisfy the course option for the Research Skills Requirement.


EN 751 History and Theory of Criticism

Dr. David Downing

M-F 10:15-12:15

This course will be not so much a history of ideas as an exploration of those significant cultural conflicts which have produced the society, the disciplines, and the vocabulary with which we describe ourselves and our literature. After a brief look at some recent contributions to the status of history and theory in literature departments, we will turn to Plato and ancient Greece. My assumption is that the cultural revolution inaugurated by the shift from oral to literate culture shaped what we call "Western metaphysics," and that this catch-all phrase suggests the extent to which the issues of representation, mimesis, reason, rhetoric, imagination, objective and subjective still have a bearing on the way we read and interpret the world.

We will then shift to the cultural revolution that took place during the Romantic period leading up to Marx, Nietzsche, and Darwin. Students will then have the opportunity to design the last third of the course out of the issues and interests that emerge during our discussions. Students can expect to emerge with a sense of the many ways that history, theory, and teaching impact on each other.

Students will be given a variety of options for writing assignments ranging from a series of short papers, to combinations with longer papers as negotiated with me in conference. Collaborative projects, group work, and study groups will also be encouraged. We will also be using online computer conferences to exchange ideas and announcements. Class participation will, of course, be a vital part of the seminar. Texts to be used include: The Republic and Phaedrus, by Plato, the Rhetoric and Poetics of Aristotle, Orality and Literacy by Walter Ong, Selected Writings by Karl Marx, The Portable Nietzsche, and selected essays to be reproduced on ditto.

EN 763 British Literature before 1660: The Politics of English Prose Fiction 1558-1660

Dr. Christopher Orchard

M-F 10:15-12:15

The course will examine the political nature of prose fiction during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The political features of these texts will be interpreted in terms of power, concerned with those moments where tension and conflict occur, whether this is in terms of class struggle, gender differentiation or race. As well as providing an overview of the development of prose fiction, the course will focus in particular on certain texts that reflect these issues. These include Sir Philip Sidney's Old Arcadia and Anna Weamys Continuation of Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia; Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller; Thomas Deloney's Jack of Newbury; Mary Wroth's Urania, and political romances such as Barclay's Argenis.

EN 765 Literature as Genre: The Renaissance Mind

Dr. Ronald Shafer

M-F 8:00-10:00

This course will center on the theme of utopia as a dominant manifestation of the Renaissance mind. The notion of utopia attains nearly genre status throughout the period as numerous authors write of what constitutes the perfect society. In some instances texts, taking a general approach to the theme, address multiple topics in an attempt to flesh out the perfect society More's Utopia is a case in point, treating as it does virtually the whole gamut of civilized society. In many other instances, writer limit their vision to a single component, as Milton speaks only of the ideal education in Of Education, Castiglione the perfect manners book in The Courtier, and Machiavelli the exemplary political system in The Prince.

Other texts will include Shakespeare's The Tempest ("O brave new world"), Henry V (the model king), Troilus and Cressida (the Trojan utopia deconstructed), Milton's Paradise Regained, Sidney's Arcadia, and brief excerpts from the Italian greats (Ficino's "The Golden Age in Florence, Tasso's "The Golden Age," Vasari's "The Arts Reborn," Alberti's "The Perfect Country House," Casa's "The Perfect Gentleman" and so on. While this list is not complete, it does suggest our intent to examine those texts that delineate the attributes of the perfect society. An examination of these Renaissance visionaries should make for some unique (if not exhilarating) reading. Course requirements include the teaching of a text of the student's selection, a written composition (traditional paper, annotated bibliography, or the like) and a book review or film review. The film Lady Jane (and possibly another film) will be shown in class and could be the basis for a film review.

EN 773: Topics In Minority Literature: Hybrids, Clowns, Tricksters, and Spirits

Dr. Patrick D. Murphy

M-F 1:00-3:00

We will explore a set of literary works, primarily fiction, that exist in the borderlands and the interfaces of myth and reality, the mundane and the paradoxical, which blur genres and modes and call into question such categories as realism, fantasy, mimesis, and symbolism. One purpose of such a focus will be to break down the tendency that often occurs of critics attempting to read literature by authors of color in a narrowly autobiographical, social-realist fashion, even when their works are written in the postmodern mode. Another purpose will be to show the ways in which features that might be stylistically associated with postmodernism or magic realism are also deeply indebted to ethnic cultural traditions. A third purpose will be to consider the function of such characters in their specific generic and historical settings, as well as their fictive and cultural specificities. A fourth purpose will be to deliberate over the degree to which they can or ought to be defined as metaphoric or metonymic and their implications for conceptions of representation and referentiality.

Students will be expected to engage in the keeping of a collaborative journal and to choose other gradable projects from various options, including conference papers, journal essays, process papers, background reports, and oral exams. Each student will be responsible for determining within certain parameters the percentage value of chosen assignments as a portion of the cumulative grade.

Texts: Rudolfo Anaya, Bless Me, Ultima; Ana Castillo, So Far From God; Kiana Davenport, Shark Dialogues; Louise Erdrich, Tracks; Linda Hogan, Solar Storms; Gerald Vizenor, Bearheart; Alice Walker, The Temple of My Familiar; and various secondary works placed on reserve.

EN 783 Seminar: Literary Theory Applied to

Major American Author or Theme: Dickinson

Dr. Karen Dandurand

M-F 10:15-12:15

We will look at Dickinson's work and her life, examining her poetry and her letters from various critical perspectives. The course will emphasize her nineteenth-century context as well as her significance as a founder of modern American poetry. Although we will not read all 1,775 poems, we will go far beyond the few dozen most often anthologized. In an attempt to see Dickinson's creative process and to understand the unique problems of editing her poems, we will consider not only the edited texts (in the Complete Poems) but also the variants (in the three-volume Poems) and the manuscript poems in the fascicles (reproduced in Manuscript Books). Once we have familiarized ourselves with some of the poems and letters and with textual issues, we will look at criticism examining Dickinson's work from a variety of theoretical perspectives.

Students will give an oral presentation such as would be suitable for a conference and write a critical paper suitable for submission for publication. In addition, there will be at least two or three reports (depending on class size) on critical and theoretical materials. Everyone will, of course, be expected to prepare for and actively participate in seminar discussions.

Texts include: The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson. Ed. Thomas H. Johnson. Boston: Little-Brown, 1960. Selected Letters of Emily Dickinson. Ed. Thomas H. Johnson. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1986.

The following will be available on reserve as students will be required to consult them frequently: The Poems of Emily Dickinson. Ed. Thomas H. Johnson. 3 vols. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1955. The Letters of Emily Dickinson. Ed. Thomas H. Johnson and Theodora Ward. 3 vols. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1958. The Manuscript Books of Emily Dickinson. Ed. R. W. Franklin. 2 vols. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1981.


EN 752 Literary Theory for the Teacher and Scholarly Writer

Dr. Jim Cahalan

M-F 10:15-12:15

In this course we'll read about and discuss a variety of contemporary theoretical approaches to the analysis and teaching of literature, and you'll have an opportunity to work with a theoretical point of view that particularly interests you. After three or four weeks of intensive reading and discussion, this course will culminate in your own presentation and teaching activity, in our seminar setting--practicing theory in the reading of a literary text selected by you. A single essay, closely linked to your presentation, and typically suitable for presentation or publication in a particular place, will be the main written requirement. Students wanting to get a head start on reading can obtain Terry Eagleton's Literary Theory: An Introduction (U of Minnesota P, 1983, ISBN 0-8166-1241-2) and Cahalan and Downing's edited collection Practicing Theory in Introductory College Literature Courses (NCTE, 1991, ISBN 0-8141-3653-2).

EN 761 Topics in American Literature before 1870: Representations and Constructions of Self in Early American Literature

Dr. Michael Vella

M-F 8:00-10:00

We will be looking at a variety of genres including novels, memoir, autobiography, captivity and slave narratives, to study signifying practices and the constructions of self and identity. We will be trying to determine how various discourses work representation toward construction, keeping in mind a desire to practice both discourse analysis and cultural study. We might ask, for example, whether or not there is something culturally specific in this dynamic of representation and construction, probably having to do intersecting issues of Republicanism, race, gender, and indigenous peoples. Students will write recapitulations each Friday which cumulatively will amount to a journal of responses to reading and class discussions. In addition, each student will present one appropriate primary text source during the session. A short research paper and/or final recapitulation essay will be required depending on options selected by the student in conference with the instructor.

Texts: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave (Bedford Series in American History and Culture: St. Martin's Press NY 1993) ISBN 0312075316; The Confessions of Nat Turner (Bedford Series in American History and Culture: St Martin's Press, NY 1996) ISBN 0312112076; Female Quioxtism, Tabitha Tenney (Early American Women Writers: Oxford University Press, NY 1992) ISBN 0195074149; The Falcon: A Narrative of the Captivity & Adventures of John Tanner (Penguin, NY, 1994); Memoir of Miss Hannah Adams, by Herself (photocopy of personal copy of rare edition); Memoirs of Stephen Burroughs (NE U Pr 1988) ISBN 1555530354; Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (St. Martin's Pr NY 1995)ISBN 0312084463; Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano (St. Martin's Pr 1995) ISBN 0312 111274; Brockden Brown, Wieland (Penguin NY 1991) ISBN 0140390790; Rowlandson, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God (St Martin's Pr 1996) ISBN 031211517.

EN 762 Topics in American Literature from 1870: Considerations of Ethnicity in United States Writing

Dr. Jim Gray

M-F 1:00-3:00

Our procedure will be first, to prepare a theoretical background, the class will consider three works (all on reserve in the library): Toni Morrison, Playing in the Dark; Shelley Fishkin Fisher, Was Huck Black?, and James S. Leonard, Thomas A. Tenney, and Thadious M. Davis, eds., Satire or Evasion? Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn. Students will read individual sections and summarize for the class. At the same time we will be discussing The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in the context of these three works.

While the above is going on students will choose pairs of books (as identified below) for which they will lead a class discussion, including a consideration of how the paired books treat the topic(s) under consideration. Class members not leading the discussion will read one of the books in the pair. The exceptions are The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Their Eyes Were Watching God, which all students will read. The means that each student can expect to read either eight or nine books during the course of the semester. My goal is to have the class consider as many texts as possible in order to acquire a sufficient broad view of the subject, but to do it in a way that is manageable for each student. I also hope to provide you some experience explaining to someone else the significance of a book that person has not read. Students can expect to lead discussion for 1-2 class periods. Students wishing to lead the discussion for particular pairs of books would do well to contact me now.

Expect a 10-page paper, a take-home final (perhaps), oral reports, and journal writing.

Texts in order of consideration:

Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Mark Twain, Pudd'nhead Wilson and Those Extraordinary Twins

George Washington Cable, The Grandissimes

Frances E. W. Harper, Iola Leroy

Charles Waddell Chesnutt, The Marrow of Tradition

Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, Life Among the Piutes

Told through John G. Neihardt, Black Elk Speaks

Willa Cather, O Pioneers

Mari Sandoz, Slogum House

Michael Gold, Jews Without Money

Pietro di Donato, Christ in Concrete

Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God

William Faulkner, Light in August

Richard Wright, Native Son

EN 771 Postmodernism: Postmodernism in Film and Literature

Dr. Thomas Slater

M-F 3:15-5:15

This course will focus on gaining some understanding on how works of film and literature defined as post-modernist have presented ideas of ourselves and our society since the 1960s. The course will most likely be structured around Calvin O. Shrag's new work, The Self After Postmodernity but will also rely heavily on Brian McHale's Constructing Postmodernism. The novelists we read will include Pynchon, Eco, and probably some science fiction. The main film text we use will be Timothy Corrigan's A Cinema Without Walls: Movies and Culture After Vietnam. Most likely, I will also ask students to purchase David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson's Film Art: An Introduction, vol. 5. As we move through the semester, attempting to make sense of these texts, our world, and our selves as seen through postmodernism, we will be alternating between literature and film, incorporating movies such as Platoon, Paris, Texas, and The King of Comedy.

EN 784 Seminar in Literary Theory Applied to Late Victorian Literature: Colonial Fantasies

Dr. Malcolm Hayward

M-Th 10:15-12:15

England's Imperial Destiny seemed assured at the end of the 19th century. The dark places on the world's map were all but conquered. Were there falterings? Was there a loss of vision? Could the empire strike back? I plan for the course to begin with some general theoretical background. The main approach will be that of cultural criticism. This approach embodies insights from a number of other theoretical perspectives including feminism, new historicism, marxism, and deconstruction. We will read the culture to understand its narrative base and critique that culture and its products. We will then consider the primary texts of the course and the theoretical and critical perspectives that may be applied to these.

A number of issues will arise: colonialism and anti-colonialism, colonization and reverse colonization, imperialism, gender issues, justice, knowledge. I hope our discussions and analyses will provide not only moments of critical and theoretical understanding, but occasions for questioning and change in our culture as well.

The primary texts for the course are:

Joseph Conrad. Heart of Darkness. St Martins.

Conan Doyle. The Land that Time Forgot. Academe Chicago.

Rider Haggard. She. Oxford.

Mary Kingsley. Travels in West Africa. Everyman.

Rudyard Kipling. Kim. Oxford.

Bram Stoker. Dracula. Oxford.

H.G. Wells. War of the Worlds.

Theoretical readings will be from a number of copyable articles on reserve in the library and in Nicholson; included will be work by Said, Bhabha, Fanon, Achebe, Pratt, Brantlinger, Spivak, and others. Also included will be brief readings from Victorian travellers such as Richard Burton, Speke, Livingstone, Stanley, Roosevelt, and so on. Grading will be based primarily upon the writing of a paper suitable for presentation or publication.


EN 481/681 Special Topics: The San Francisco Renaissance: Beat Poets, Artists, and Musicians and Avant-garde expression 1945-1965

Dr. Michael Vella

MWF 8:00-9:00

This is a first-time special topics offering comprising an interdisciplinary study of Beat and avant-garde expression. We will read literary texts including the poetry and novels of major figures like Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsburg, but also study other important seminal figures like Neal Cassady who was an inspiration to Kerouac as well as Ken Kesey, or Kenneth Rexroth in poetry, and Alan Watts as a popularizer of Oriental thought. In addition to reading, we will also be looking at films underground and avant-garde, feature, and documentary films, and listening to jazz, folk, and verbal performance all of which were important elements of expression at this time. We will also be looking at abstract expressionist painting. Our overall goal will be to trace the rich and varied contours of expression from 1945 and the emergence of the Beats to 1965 and the Beat effects on latter day hipsters like Bob Dylan, Thomas Pynchon, and Ken Kesey and his Merry Pranksters. Students will do one presentation and one research paper.

EN 674 Bibliographic Methods

Dr. Michael Vella

T 6-9

This course is an introduction to research methods and basic elements of theory affecting them. After initial reading in theory, and serious orientation in both traditional-archival research methods as well as new technologically enhanced methods via internet and cd rom data-bases, we will concentrate on a sequence of three "case studies" and apply our developing methods to each. The first case is that of Walt Whitman's 1855 Leaves of Grass and its subsequent revisions. The second is Djuna Barnes's modernist, experimental 1937 novel,Nightwood, originally published in a highly edited version and recently appearing in a restored edition. And the third concentrates on contemporary popular culture by concentrating on a "pulp novel" of Philip Dick and its cult-film version Blade Runner (which also exists in two versions--a studio and the director's cut). Each of these "cases" raises special issues in textual editing, theoretical positioning, and downright practice of reading. For each of these cases students will write a short research paper meant more as a tentative exercise in conducting research within the framework of a particular set of problems, rather than an exhaustive lengthy paper characteristic of many graduate courses.

Case Study Texts: Leaves of Grass Norton edition (ISBN 0393093883); Whitman's Manuscripts, Fredson Bowers, ed. (ISBN 0317266489); Djuna Barnes, Nightwood New Directions edition (ISBN 0811200051); Nightwood, the edition edited by Cheryl Plummer; Blade Runner:Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, Philip Dick (ISBN 0345350472); either or both of the film Blade Runner.

Theory and Methods Texts: Beginning Theory, Peter Barry (ISBN 0719043263); Literary into Cultural Studies, Anthony Easthope (ISBN 0415066417);Web Works, Martin Irvine (ISBN 0393971090).

EN 751 History and Theory of Criticism

Dr. David Downing

T 6:00-9:00

This course will be not so much a history of ideas as an exploration of those significant cultural conflicts which have produced the society, the disciplines, and the vocabulary with which we describe ourselves and our literature. After a brief look at some recent contributions to the status of history and theory in literature departments, we will turn to Plato and ancient Greece. My assumption is that the cultural revolution inaugurated by the shift from oral to literate culture shaped what we call "Western metaphysics," and that this catch-all phrase suggests the extent to which the issues of representation, mimesis, reason, rhetoric, imagination, objective and subjective still have a bearing on the way we read and interpret the world.

We will then shift to the cultural revolution that took place during the Romantic period leading up to Marx, Nietzsche, and Darwin. Students will then have the opportunity to design the last third of the course out of the issues and interests that emerge during our discussions. Students can expect to emerge with a sense of the many ways that history, theory, and teaching impact on each other.

Students will be given a variety of options for writing assignments ranging from a series of short papers, to combinations with longer papers as negotiated with me in conference. Collaborative projects, group work, and study groups will also be encouraged. We will also be using online computer conferences to exchange ideas and announcements. Class participation will, of course, be a vital part of the seminar. Texts to be used include: The Republic and Phaedrus, by Plato, the Rhetoric and Poetics of Aristotle, Orality and Literacy by Walter Ong, Selected Writings by Karl Marx, The Portable Nietzsche, and selected essays to be reproduced on ditto.

EN 760 Teaching College Literature

Dr. James Cahalan

TTh 1:15-2:45

This will be a seminar and workshop course in which we'll focus as pragmatically as possible on current approaches to teaching introductory courses in literature as informed by recent theory as well as the real constraints of the classroom, the institutional setting, and the needs of our students and ourselves. We'll look at some videotapes of IUP English teachers at work in En 121 Humanities Literature, the course for nonmajors required of every IUP student. I'll try to facilitate both your observations of faculty teaching EN 121 and (if you are interested) possible a brief guest-teaching appearance by you in EN 121 or another appropriate course in the presence of the faculty member teaching that course, and with my guidance. Our readings will include selections from my collection of essays (coedited with David Downing) Practicing Theory in Introductory College Literature Courses (NCTE, 1991, ISBN 0-8141-3653-2), which I mention here in case anyone wants to get a head start.

EN 761 Topics in American Literature to 1870: Rethinking the Canon

Dr. Jim Gray

M 6-9

Perhaps it's time to (re)consider some traditional mid-nineteenth century works, think about those characteristics which made them central to the study of American literature for so many years, and to see what we think of them in the context of recent studies of American literature and of recently re-discovered and re-evaluated works.

We'll read the following:

Emerson's "American Scholar," "Divinity School Address," "Nature," and several essays and poems.

Thoreau's Walden and perhaps some poetry

Whitman's Leaves of Grass and perhaps some prose

Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter and a volume of short Stories

Melville's Moby Dick

We'll also read these works:

Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of an American Slave

Fanny Fern, Ruth Hall

Margaret Fuller, Woman in the Nineteenth Century

Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin

Since I think I can assume that you will have read several of these works for another course sometime, I'm willing to assign a reasonably long reading list. Expect classroom presentations, a final paper, and a final exam (probably take-home). I will set up a notes conference to which all students will be expected to contribute regularly. Please know your username and your password when you come to class the first day.

EN 763 Topics in British Literature before 1660: Women in Medieval Literature

Dr. Gail Berlin

MW 3:30-5:00

This course introduces students to the lives of women in the Middle Ages, focusing particularly but not exclusively on medieval England. We will approach the topic from a number of perspectives: the portrayal of women in literature, literature written for or about women, and literature written by women. And we will range among such topics as women as mystics, widows, queens, doctors, whores, and musicians. We will also consider the treatment of women in such genres as the saint's life, dream vision, fabliau, and autobiography. We will sample works of the medieval anti-feminist tradition, and of contemporary feminist medievalists. Works will be read in Modern English translations. Possible texts include: A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life, Women Defamed and Women Defended: An Anthology of Medieval Texts, The Book of Margery Kempe, The Lais of Marie de France, The Book of the City of Ladies (Christine de Pizan), Harlots of the Desert, etc.

Course requirements:

1. a spirit of enquiry and a willingness to share one's ideas and perceptions with one's peers

2. an oral report on some aspect of the daily life of medieval women

3. one or two papers on a literary topic of your own choosing concerning medieval women

EN 766 Comparative Literature: An Introduction to Postcolonial Studies

Dr. Susan Comfort

W 6:00-9:00

This course will explore some of the issues and varied contexts that define postcolonial studies. Ranging over three formerly colonized regions West Africa, the Caribbean and Central America, we will analyze colonial and postcolonial perspectives represented in selected cultural and literary narratives. Part of our concern will be to examine new forms of literary expression, such as testimonial narrative and magical realism, as they emerge from specific social and political struggles. We will also be examining the ways conventional forms such as the novel and autobiography are revised and altered to represent emergent forms of identity and consciousness. Tentative texts include: Lord Lugard, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (selections); Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness; Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart; Buchi Emecheta, The Joys of Motherhood; Anthony Froude, The English in the West Indies (selections); C.L.R. James, Beyond a Boundary; Jamaica Kincaid, The Autobiography of My Mother; Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea; Alejo Carpentier, The Lost Steps; Miguel Angel Asturias, Men of Maize; I ... Rigoberta Menchu: An Indian Woman in Guatemala. We will also read theoretical work and historical analysis by Frantz Fanon, Edward Said, Chandra Mohanty, Mary Louise Pratt, Eduardo Galeano and Santiago Colas.

EN 773 Minority Literature: Emergent American Writing by Selected Women Writers of Color

Dr. Cecilia Rodríguez Milanés

TTh 3:00-4:30

This semester I will concentrate study of contemporary African American women and Latina writers in the US. We will examine and analyze prose (short/long fiction and testimonio/autobiography), poetry and drama. Some of writers I plan to cover are listed below with possible titles (those marked with asterisks will definitely be required).

Tentative list of authors/titles:

*Toni Morrison - Jazz and selected essays

Toni Cade Bambara - The Salteaters

*Alice Walker - selected non-fiction and Her Blue Body Nikki Giovanni - Racism 101 or Love Poems

*Ntozake Shange - For Colored Girls Who've Considered Suicide When the Rainbow is Enuf

*Gwendolyn Brooks - Report From Part One

Selections from Rita Dove, Lucille Clifton, Audre Lorde, Lorraine Hansberry et al

*Judith Cofer Ortiz - Silent Dancing and other selections

*Cristina Garcia - Dreaming in Cuban

*Julia Alvarez - The Other Side

*Marjorie Agosin - Brujas y Algo Mas or other

Ana Castillo - So Far From God

*Selections from Sandra Cisneros, Gloria Vando, Elena Viramontes, Sandra Maria Esteves et al in the collection Latinas: Women's Voices from the Borderlands ed. by Lillian Castillo-Speed

The theory forming the foundation of the semester's discussions and analysis include but are not limited to: various Feminist theories, Chicana/Latina criticism and Afrocentric, Black Feminist and Womanist thought. Some of the critics/theorists whose work we'll study are: bell hooks, Patricia Hill Collins, Michelle Wallace, Karla Holloway, Gloria Anzaldúa, Eliana Rivero, Cherríe Moraga, Norma Alarcón, Chela Sandoval et al.

Students should expect to write brief weekly papers in addition to the required and/or supplemental reading assignments, actively participate in classroom presentations/discussions, write a conference length paper (8-10 pps) and prepare an end of the semester project to be determined collaboratively in the Fall.

EN 783 Seminar in American Literature: American Culture and American Drama

Dr. Martha Bower

Th 6:00-9:00

This will be foray into the roots of American drama, how the drama was influenced by historical and cultural events and how early realism evolved into so-called Modern Drama. We will factor in Dramatic theory and criticism, as we examine the nature of comedy and tragedy in this country and how American protagonists differ from the heroes of other countries, and how gender plays a part in our perception of tragedy. We will read a few very early plays by James Herne, Rachel Crothers, Cora Mowatt, and WD Howells. Then move to early 20th century with Glaspell's The Verge, O'Neill's Desire under the Elms, Mourning Becomes Electra and Beyond the Horizon. We will also read Wilder's Our Town, Hellman's Little Foxes, and Another Part of the Forest,, and plays by Miller, and Williams. The theoretical book will be Bernard Dukore's Dramatic Theory and Criticism. Comedies might include You Can't Take it with You, Life With Father and Abie's Irish Rose. I haven't really firmed up this list. I will not cover contemporary drama--nothing after 1960. Assignments will include, short weekly responses or reviews, oral presentations, and a long seminar paper with an eye toward publication or conference presentation.

EN 784 Seminar in British Literature: Eighteenth-Century British Narratives and Postcolonial Theory

Dr. Roxann Wheeler

M 6-9

This course will investigate a variety of eighteenth-century cultural documents in terms of their participation in empire building. We will read widely in postcolonial theory, fiction as well as narratives with significant truth claims that take place in the colonial and imperial landscapes at this time.

Most postcolonial theory has based itself on the European nineteenth-century heritage of a deterministic notion of race, the moral mission of colonialism, the governance of darker-skinned people, and the transformation of other cultures; these practices and discourses were not, largely, part of the Enlightenment. Accordingly, the central questions of this seminar include the following: what is the role of literature in colonialism? what is the status of literature in postcolonial theory? what kind of colonial theory is most appropriate to the eighteenth century? For instance, should we abandon a binary logic such as colonizer/colonized, Christian/heathen, white/black for purposes of analysis because it is too simplistic? If we do, do we forsake an important analysis of power relations and the role of narratives in the formation of a colonial culture?

Texts such as the following will be included:

Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe

Jamaica Lady

Penelope Aubin, The Noble Slaves

Eliza Haywood, Philodore and Placentia

Sarah Scott, Sir George Ellison

The Female American; or the Memoirs of Unca Eliza Winkfield

Richard Cumberland, The West Indian

Samuel Foote, The Nabob

Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Life of Olaudah Equiano

John Gabriel Stedmen, The Narrative of Five Years Expedition, Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam

Jane Austen, Mansfield Park

Mary Prince, The Life of Mary Prince

Nicholas Thomas, Colonialism's Culture

Anne McClintock, Imperial Leather

Laura Brown, Ends of Empire

Henry Louis Gates, Jr. "Race,", Writing, and Difference

Ann Stoler "Rethinking Colonial Categories"

Rajeswari Sunder Rajan, Real & Imagined Women: Gender, Culture and Postcolonialism

**Please note that I will assign readings for the first class. This information will be in your mailbox in August and posted on my office door.

English 797 Independent Seminar

Drs. Karen Dandurand, Martha Bower, and Malcolm Hayward

No set meeting time

Selected readings and/or research in a specialized area of composition, criticism, literature, TESOL, linguistics or literacy not normally covered by the curriculum in either track of the Ph.D. in English. In consultation with a designated faculty member in the semester prior to registration, a student submits for topic approval a plan of study and assessment in one of the areas listed above. This course may be delivered in residence or on-line as determined by the instructor/program. Approval of instructor and program director.


IN RESIDENCE STUDENTS should complete the form below, see their advisor for approval, and give the completed form to Cathy to get a RAC-PIN number.

NON RESIDENT STUDENTS should call or e-mail their advisor for approval. The advisor will contact Cathy giving approval to release the RAC-PIN number to the student.



Malcolm Hayward (412) 357-2264

M.A./Literature and M.A./Generalist

Martha Bower (412) 357-3963

If you are unsure who your advisor is, please call Cathy Renwick at (412) 357-2263 or e-mail her at

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